About the Yoruba People
“The word ‘Yoruba’ describes both the language and a tribe living across Nigeria and the Popular Republic of Benin, in an area of forest and savannah. Their origins can be traced back to the end of the first millennium like the civilization of Ife (surveyed in the Nok chapter). Following the collapse of the Ife civilization, a number of kingdoms such as the Ijebua and the Oyo emerged. They, in turn, disintegrated during the 18th and 19th centuries, but were revived by the colonial powers at the end of the 19th century and today still form the political structure of the Yoruba people. The enormous scale of the slave trade in Nigeria contributed to the diaspora of the Yoruba people and informed spiritual practices in countries such as Haiti.
Yoruba people are prolific artists are craftsmen. Most of the Yoruba art objects date from between the end of the 19th century and the middle of the 20th century and can often be attributed to a specific carver by name – an exception in African art.”
Baquart, Jean-Baptiste. The Tribal Arts of Africa. New York: Thames and Hudson Inc. 1998. Print.
Dave Dahl—CEO Discover African Art
Keywords: Yoruba, Nigeria, Popular Republic of Benin, Gelede, Epa, Ogboni, Esu, Figure
ID # 1000326