|Type of Object||
|Country of Origin||
Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire)
Good, with typical minor imperfections—see photos.
About the Baule People
The Baule are originally part of a breakaway group of the Akan people from Ghana. In the 17th century, Queen Abla Pokou led a group on an exodus away from the main Ashanti Confederacy after a war broke out due to disagreements among the factions. Pokou realized that she and her followers may be in harms way, so she took her people and headed westward. Legend says the group came upon the Comoé River, with its dangerous waters and needed a way to safely cross. With the enemy gaining on them, Queen Pokou asked a diviner for advice. The diviner, after much thought, told her the gods required a sacrifice. Everyone began throwing their most prized possessions into the river; gold, ivory, cattle, everything they owned, hoping to appease the gods. The diviner shook his head and said that our sons are our most prized possessions. Pokou, knowing that her duty as queen was more important than that of a mother, decided then to sacrifice her only son, throwing him into the water and calling out “Ba ouli”, translated to “the child is dead”, giving them the name Baule. After the sacrifice was made, hippopotamuses came up from the river and formed a bridge allowing the queen and her people to cross.
The Baule settled in what is now known as Côte d’Ivoire or Ivory Coast. They began defeating current inhabitants of the area and quickly became the middle man post for North and South trading routes. Towns and villages sprouted up with each being independent from one another, making their own decisions with the primacy of a council of elders. Smaller communities were usually governed by a village-chief whereas large villages were ruled by a king or queen. Considered an egalitarian society, everyone is equal and has a say in the overall agenda of the people, including slaves...
Read more about the Baule here.
About the Anthropomorphic Monkey
Baule monkey figures, a concoction of human and primate features seamlessly blended, may come in different shapes and sizes, but they all have certain traits common among them all. They will feature large sharp teeth, a granular patina from sacrifices, and a bowl of some sort being held in their hands to capture the offerings. These figures are not common sculptures. Only trance diviners and certain families are allowed to own a figure of this sort. The monkey figure is considered sacred and may not be seen by most people, especially woman, and are kept hidden, only brought out for divination cult practices.
About the Gberke Monkey
The [Gberke] figures embodied the powerful and animal part of the human spirit which the Baule believe exists in each person and lives in the bush.